PDO vs PLLA cs PCL.
Which types of threads for face lifting is right for you?
Dissolvable sutures or threads are used in aesthetic medicine for a very long time to stimulate collagen production, lift and tighten skin.
The threads come in various materials and shapes: PDO (Polydioxanone), PLLA (Polylactic acid), PCL (Polycaprolactone). All threads are used in aesthetic treatments to tighten, volumise and lift the skin, and some of the threads have several materials combined in them such as APTOS threads.
Most commonly used in aesthetic practice, lasts 6-12 months, during which they are completely absorbed within 6-8 months and stimulate collagen production for another 4-6 months.
PDO threads cause changes in the subcutaneous level (dermis), induce an inflammatory reaction, and stimulate new collagen production.
PDO threads are effective in improving pores, fine wrinkles, by collagen formation in the dermal matrix to increase the thickness of thinning skin and can be used for acne scarring and body skin laxity.
Body PDO Threads are used to tighten sagging skin on the stomach, buttocks, back, inner thighs, and upper arms, treat cellulite and stretch marks. It has been shown to improve lymph drainage, has a lipolytic effect and elastin production.
PLLA threads can last up to 1-2 years post-insertion and eventually be broken down to glucose, carbon dioxide, and water.
PLLA threads are often used as an alternative to fillers and botulinum toxin, as they act as a volumizer and are able to stimulate the production of Type 1 and Type 3 collagen. They are much more powerful collagen stimulators than PDO threads.
PCL threads or threads have combination materials including PCL have become more popular over the last few years. They last more than 2 years in the body and are also broken down into naturally occurring substances in our skin. Due to the length of collagen stimulation, they are more powerful threads than PDO or PLLA threads. Best used for jawline tightening, nose lift, and mid-face tissue replacement.
How about the texture of the different types of threads?
Mono Threads – smooth threads without barbs. Many of these threads are placed into the face in a mesh-like fashion for skin tightening. Skin tightening usually improves after collagen starts forming around the thread. Treatment areas include neck, forehead, and around the eyes and body small areas.
Cog or Barbed Threads –threads with barbs to hook to the underside of the skin. The barbs form a support structure that lifts the sagging tissues. Collagen formation can also occur around the threads and their barbs. Cog threads are most effective for jaw line lifting and slimming.
Are there any side effects?
Thread insertion can result in the bruising, swelling, skin surface marks, however, the thread itself should not be visible or cause disruption to your normal daily life.
How long do results last?
Effects of treatment should last approximately 12 -24 months depending on the treatment. There are various threads achieving different results.